Source code for autogluon.core.models.ensemble.bagged_ensemble_model

import copy
import logging
import os
import time
from collections import Counter
from statistics import mean

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

from .fold_fitting_strategy import AbstractFoldFittingStrategy, SequentialLocalFoldFittingStrategy
from ..abstract.abstract_model import AbstractModel
from ...utils.exceptions import TimeLimitExceeded
from ...utils.loaders import load_pkl
from ...utils.savers import save_pkl
from ...utils.utils import CVSplitter, _compute_fi_with_stddev

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# TODO: Add metadata object with info like score on each model, train time on each model, etc.
[docs]class BaggedEnsembleModel(AbstractModel): """ Bagged ensemble meta-model which fits a given model multiple times across different splits of the training data. For certain child models such as KNN, this may only train a single model and instead rely on the child model to generate out-of-fold predictions. """ _oof_filename = 'oof.pkl' def __init__(self, model_base: AbstractModel, random_state=0, **kwargs): self.model_base = model_base self._child_type = type(self.model_base) self.models = [] self._oof_pred_proba = None self._oof_pred_model_repeats = None self._n_repeats = 0 # Number of n_repeats with at least 1 model fit, if kfold=5 and 8 models have been fit, _n_repeats is 2 self._n_repeats_finished = 0 # Number of n_repeats finished, if kfold=5 and 8 models have been fit, _n_repeats_finished is 1 self._k_fold_end = 0 # Number of models fit in current n_repeat (0 if completed), if kfold=5 and 8 models have been fit, _k_fold_end is 3 self._k = None # k models per n_repeat, equivalent to kfold value self._k_per_n_repeat = [] # k-fold used for each n_repeat. == [5, 10, 3] if first kfold was 5, second was 10, and third was 3 self._random_state = random_state self.low_memory = True self._bagged_mode = None # _child_oof currently is only set to True for KNN models, that are capable of LOO prediction generation to avoid needing bagging. # TODO: Consider moving `_child_oof` logic to a separate class / refactor OOF logic. # FIXME: Avoid unnecessary refit during refit_full on `_child_oof=True` models, just re-use the original model. self._child_oof = False # Whether the OOF preds were taken from a single child model (Assumes child can produce OOF preds without bagging). self._cv_splitters = [] # Keeps track of the CV splitter used for each bagged repeat. super().__init__(problem_type=self.model_base.problem_type, eval_metric=self.model_base.eval_metric, **kwargs) def _set_default_params(self): default_params = { # 'use_child_oof': False, # [Advanced] Whether to defer to child model for OOF preds and only train a single child. 'save_bag_folds': True, # 'refit_folds': False, # [Advanced, Experimental] Whether to refit bags immediately to a refit_full model in a single .fit call. } for param, val in default_params.items(): self._set_default_param_value(param, val) super()._set_default_params() def _get_default_auxiliary_params(self) -> dict: default_auxiliary_params = super()._get_default_auxiliary_params() extra_auxiliary_params = dict( drop_unique=False, # TODO: Get the value from child instead ) default_auxiliary_params.update(extra_auxiliary_params) return default_auxiliary_params def is_valid(self): return self.is_fit() and (self._n_repeats == self._n_repeats_finished) def can_infer(self): return self.is_fit() and self.params.get('save_bag_folds', True) def is_stratified(self): if self.problem_type in [REGRESSION, QUANTILE, SOFTCLASS]: return False else: return True def is_fit(self): return len(self.models) != 0 def can_fit(self) -> bool: return not self.is_fit() or self._bagged_mode def is_valid_oof(self): return self.is_fit() and (self._child_oof or self._bagged_mode) def get_oof_pred_proba(self, **kwargs): # TODO: Require is_valid == True (add option param to ignore is_valid) return self._oof_pred_proba_func(self._oof_pred_proba, self._oof_pred_model_repeats) @staticmethod def _oof_pred_proba_func(oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats): oof_pred_model_repeats_without_0 = np.where(oof_pred_model_repeats == 0, 1, oof_pred_model_repeats) if oof_pred_proba.ndim == 2: oof_pred_model_repeats_without_0 = oof_pred_model_repeats_without_0[:, None] return oof_pred_proba / oof_pred_model_repeats_without_0 def _init_misc(self, **kwargs): child = self._get_model_base().convert_to_template() child.initialize(**kwargs) self.eval_metric = child.eval_metric self.stopping_metric = child.stopping_metric self.quantile_levels = child.quantile_levels self.normalize_pred_probas = child.normalize_pred_probas def preprocess(self, X, preprocess_nonadaptive=True, model=None, **kwargs): if preprocess_nonadaptive: if model is None: if not self.models: return X model = self.models[0] model = self.load_child(model) return model.preprocess(X, preprocess_stateful=False) else: return X def _get_cv_splitter(self, n_splits, n_repeats, groups=None): return CVSplitter(n_splits=n_splits, n_repeats=n_repeats, groups=groups, stratified=self.is_stratified(), random_state=self._random_state) def _fit(self, X, y, X_val=None, y_val=None, k_fold=None, k_fold_start=0, k_fold_end=None, n_repeats=1, n_repeat_start=0, groups=None, **kwargs): use_child_oof = self.params.get('use_child_oof', False) if use_child_oof: if self.is_fit(): # TODO: We may want to throw an exception instead and avoid calling fit more than once return self k_fold = 1 k_fold_end = None groups = None if k_fold is None and groups is None: k_fold = 5 if k_fold is not None and k_fold < 1: k_fold = 1 if k_fold is None or k_fold > 1: k_fold = self._get_cv_splitter(n_splits=k_fold, n_repeats=n_repeats, groups=groups).n_splits self._validate_bag_kwargs( k_fold=k_fold, k_fold_start=k_fold_start, k_fold_end=k_fold_end, n_repeats=n_repeats, n_repeat_start=n_repeat_start, groups=groups, ) if k_fold_end is None: k_fold_end = k_fold model_base = self._get_model_base() model_base.rename(name='') kwargs['feature_metadata'] = self.feature_metadata kwargs['num_classes'] = self.num_classes # TODO: maybe don't pass num_classes to children if self.model_base is not None: self.save_model_base(self.model_base) self.model_base = None if self._oof_pred_proba is None and self.is_fit(): self._load_oof() save_bag_folds = self.params.get('save_bag_folds', True) if k_fold == 1: self._fit_single(X=X, y=y, model_base=model_base, use_child_oof=use_child_oof, **kwargs) return self else: refit_folds = self.params.get('refit_folds', False) if refit_folds: save_bag_folds = False if kwargs.get('time_limit', None) is not None: fold_start = n_repeat_start * k_fold + k_fold_start fold_end = (n_repeats - 1) * k_fold + k_fold_end folds_to_fit = fold_end - fold_start # Reserve time for final refit model kwargs['time_limit'] = kwargs['time_limit'] * folds_to_fit / (folds_to_fit + 1.2) self._fit_folds(X=X, y=y, model_base=model_base, k_fold=k_fold, k_fold_start=k_fold_start, k_fold_end=k_fold_end, n_repeats=n_repeats, n_repeat_start=n_repeat_start, save_folds=save_bag_folds, groups=groups, **kwargs) # FIXME: Don't save folds except for refit # FIXME: Cleanup self # FIXME: Don't add `_FULL` to name if refit_folds: refit_template = self.convert_to_refit_full_template() refit_template.params['use_child_oof'] = False kwargs['time_limit'] = None, y=y, k_fold=1, **kwargs) refit_template._oof_pred_proba = self._oof_pred_proba refit_template._oof_pred_model_repeats = self._oof_pred_model_repeats refit_template._child_oof = True refit_template.fit_time += self.fit_time + self.predict_time return refit_template else: return self def _validate_bag_kwargs(self, *, k_fold, k_fold_start, k_fold_end, n_repeats, n_repeat_start, groups): if groups is not None: if self._n_repeats_finished != 0: raise AssertionError('Bagged models cannot call fit with `groups` specified when a full k-fold set has already been fit.') if n_repeats > 1: raise AssertionError('Cannot perform repeated bagging with `groups` specified.') return if k_fold_end is None: k_fold_end = k_fold if k_fold is None: raise ValueError('k_fold cannot be None.') if k_fold < 1: raise ValueError(f'k_fold must be equal or greater than 1, value: ({k_fold})') if n_repeat_start != self._n_repeats_finished: raise ValueError(f'n_repeat_start must equal self._n_repeats_finished, values: ({n_repeat_start}, {self._n_repeats_finished})') if n_repeats <= n_repeat_start: raise ValueError(f'n_repeats must be greater than n_repeat_start, values: ({n_repeats}, {n_repeat_start})') if k_fold_start != self._k_fold_end: raise ValueError(f'k_fold_start must equal previous k_fold_end, values: ({k_fold_start}, {self._k_fold_end})') if k_fold_start >= k_fold_end: # TODO: Remove this limitation if n_repeats > 1 raise ValueError(f'k_fold_end must be greater than k_fold_start, values: ({k_fold_end}, {k_fold_start})') if (n_repeats - n_repeat_start) > 1 and k_fold_end != k_fold: # TODO: Remove this limitation raise ValueError(f'k_fold_end must equal k_fold when (n_repeats - n_repeat_start) > 1, values: ({k_fold_end}, {k_fold})') if self._k is not None and self._k != k_fold: raise ValueError(f'k_fold must equal previously fit k_fold value for the current n_repeat, values: (({k_fold}, {self._k})') def predict_proba(self, X, normalize=None, **kwargs): model = self.load_child(self.models[0]) X = self.preprocess(X, model=model, **kwargs) pred_proba = model.predict_proba(X=X, preprocess_nonadaptive=False, normalize=normalize) for model in self.models[1:]: model = self.load_child(model) pred_proba += model.predict_proba(X=X, preprocess_nonadaptive=False, normalize=normalize) pred_proba = pred_proba / len(self.models) return pred_proba def _predict_proba(self, X, normalize=False, **kwargs): return self.predict_proba(X=X, normalize=normalize, **kwargs) def score_with_oof(self, y, sample_weight=None): self._load_oof() valid_indices = self._oof_pred_model_repeats > 0 y = y[valid_indices] y_pred_proba = self.get_oof_pred_proba()[valid_indices] if sample_weight is not None: sample_weight = sample_weight[valid_indices] return self.score_with_y_pred_proba(y=y, y_pred_proba=y_pred_proba, sample_weight=sample_weight) def _fit_single(self, X, y, model_base, use_child_oof, time_limit=None, **kwargs): if self.is_fit(): raise AssertionError('Model is already fit.') if self._n_repeats != 0: raise ValueError(f'n_repeats must equal 0 when fitting a single model with k_fold == 1, value: {self._n_repeats}') = f'{}S1F1' model_base.set_contexts(path_context=self.path + + os.path.sep) time_start_fit = time.time(), y=y, time_limit=time_limit, **kwargs) model_base.fit_time = time.time() - time_start_fit model_base.predict_time = None X_len = len(X) # Check if pred_proba is going to take too long if time_limit is not None and X_len >= 10000: max_allowed_time = time_limit * 1.3 # allow some buffer time_left = max( max_allowed_time - model_base.fit_time, time_limit * 0.1, # At least 10% of time_limit 10, # At least 10 seconds ) # Sample at most 500 rows to estimate prediction time of all rows # TODO: Consider moving this into end of abstract model fit for all models. # Currently this only fixes problem when in bagged mode, if not bagging, then inference could still be problamatic n_sample = min(500, round(X_len * 0.1)) frac = n_sample / X_len X_sample = X.sample(n=n_sample) time_start_predict = time.time() model_base.predict_proba(X_sample) time_predict_frac = time.time() - time_start_predict time_predict_estimate = time_predict_frac / frac logger.log(15, f'\t{round(time_predict_estimate, 2)}s\t= Estimated out-of-fold prediction time...') if time_predict_estimate > time_left: logger.warning(f'\tNot enough time to generate out-of-fold predictions for model. Estimated time required was {round(time_predict_estimate, 2)}s compared to {round(time_left, 2)}s of available time.') raise TimeLimitExceeded if use_child_oof: logger.log(15, '\t`use_child_oof` was specified for this model. It will function similarly to a bagged model, but will only fit one child model.') time_start_predict = time.time() if model_base._get_tags().get('valid_oof', False): self._oof_pred_proba = model_base.get_oof_pred_proba(X=X, y=y) else: logger.warning('\tWARNING: `use_child_oof` was specified but child model does not have a dedicated `get_oof_pred_proba` method. This model may have heavily overfit validation scores.') self._oof_pred_proba = model_base.predict_proba(X=X) self._child_oof = True model_base.predict_time = time.time() - time_start_predict model_base.val_score = model_base.score_with_y_pred_proba(y=y, y_pred_proba=self._oof_pred_proba) else: self._oof_pred_proba = model_base.predict_proba(X=X) # TODO: Cheater value, will be overfit to valid set self._oof_pred_model_repeats = np.ones(shape=len(X), dtype=np.uint8) self._n_repeats = 1 self._n_repeats_finished = 1 self._k_per_n_repeat = [1] self._bagged_mode = False model_base.reduce_memory_size(remove_fit=True, remove_info=False, requires_save=True) if not self.params.get('save_bag_folds', True): model_base.model = None if self.low_memory: self.save_child(model_base, verbose=False) self.models = [] else: self.models = [model_base] self._add_child_times_to_bag(model=model_base) def _fit_folds(self, X, y, model_base, k_fold=None, k_fold_start=0, k_fold_end=None, n_repeats=1, n_repeat_start=0, time_limit=None, sample_weight=None, save_folds=True, groups=None, **kwargs): fold_fitting_strategy = self.params.get('fold_fitting_strategy', SequentialLocalFoldFittingStrategy) # TODO: Preprocess data here instead of repeatedly # FIXME: Raise exception if multiclass/binary and a single val fold contains all instances of a class. (Can happen if custom groups is specified) time_start = time.time() if k_fold_start != 0: cv_splitter = self._cv_splitters[n_repeat_start] else: cv_splitter = self._get_cv_splitter(n_splits=k_fold, n_repeats=n_repeats, groups=groups) if k_fold != cv_splitter.n_splits: k_fold = cv_splitter.n_splits if k_fold_end is None: k_fold_end = k_fold kfolds = cv_splitter.split(X=X, y=y) oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats = self._construct_empty_oof(X=X, y=y) models = [] fold_start = n_repeat_start * k_fold + k_fold_start fold_end = (n_repeats - 1) * k_fold + k_fold_end folds_to_fit = fold_end - fold_start # noinspection PyCallingNonCallable fold_fitting_strategy: AbstractFoldFittingStrategy = fold_fitting_strategy( self, X, y, sample_weight, time_limit, time_start, models, oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats, save_folds=save_folds) for j in range(n_repeat_start, n_repeats): # For each n_repeat if j != n_repeat_start or k_fold_start == 0: self._cv_splitters.append(cv_splitter) cur_repeat_count = j - n_repeat_start fold_start_n_repeat = fold_start + cur_repeat_count * k_fold fold_end_n_repeat = min(fold_start_n_repeat + k_fold, fold_end) for i in range(fold_start_n_repeat, fold_end_n_repeat): # For each fold fold_num_in_repeat = i - (j * k_fold) # The fold in the current repeat set (first fold in set = 0) fold_ctx = dict( model_name_suffix=f'S{j + 1}F{fold_num_in_repeat + 1}', # S5F3 = 3rd fold of the 5th repeat set fold=kfolds[i], is_last_fold=i != (fold_end - 1), folds_to_fit=folds_to_fit, folds_finished=i - fold_start, folds_left=fold_end - i, ) fold_fitting_strategy.schedule_fold_model_fit(model_base, fold_ctx, kwargs) if (fold_end_n_repeat != fold_end) or (k_fold == k_fold_end): self._k_per_n_repeat.append(k_fold) fold_fitting_strategy.after_all_folds_scheduled() self.models += models self._bagged_mode = True if self._oof_pred_proba is None: self._oof_pred_proba = oof_pred_proba self._oof_pred_model_repeats = oof_pred_model_repeats else: self._oof_pred_proba += oof_pred_proba self._oof_pred_model_repeats += oof_pred_model_repeats self._n_repeats = n_repeats if k_fold == k_fold_end: self._k = None self._k_fold_end = 0 self._n_repeats_finished = self._n_repeats else: self._k = k_fold self._k_fold_end = k_fold_end self._n_repeats_finished = self._n_repeats - 1 # TODO: Augment to generate OOF after shuffling each column in X (Batching), this is the fastest way. # TODO: Reduce logging clutter during OOF importance calculation (Currently logs separately for each child) # Generates OOF predictions from pre-trained bagged models, assuming X and y are in the same row order as used in .fit(X, y) def compute_feature_importance(self, X, y, features=None, silent=False, time_limit=None, is_oof=False, **kwargs) -> pd.DataFrame: if features is None: # FIXME: use FULL features (children can have different features) features = self.load_child(model=self.models[0]).features if not is_oof: return super().compute_feature_importance(X, y, features=features, time_limit=time_limit, silent=silent, **kwargs) fi_fold_list = [] model_index = 0 num_children = len(self.models) if time_limit is not None: time_limit_per_child = time_limit / num_children else: time_limit_per_child = None if not silent: logging_message = f'Computing feature importance via permutation shuffling for {len(features)} features using out-of-fold (OOF) data aggregated across {num_children} child models...' if time_limit is not None: logging_message = f'{logging_message} Time limit: {time_limit}s...' logger.log(20, logging_message) time_start = time.time() early_stop = False children_completed = 0 log_final_suffix = '' for n_repeat, k in enumerate(self._k_per_n_repeat): if is_oof: if self._child_oof or not self._bagged_mode: raise AssertionError('Model trained with no validation data cannot get feature importances on training data, please specify new test data to compute feature importances (model=%s)' % kfolds = self._cv_splitters[n_repeat].split(X=X, y=y) cur_kfolds = kfolds[n_repeat * k:(n_repeat + 1) * k] else: cur_kfolds = [(None, list(range(len(X))))] * k for i, fold in enumerate(cur_kfolds): _, test_index = fold model = self.load_child(self.models[model_index + i]) fi_fold = model.compute_feature_importance(X=X.iloc[test_index, :], y=y.iloc[test_index], features=features, time_limit=time_limit_per_child, silent=silent, log_prefix='\t', importance_as_list=True, **kwargs) fi_fold_list.append(fi_fold) children_completed += 1 if time_limit is not None and children_completed != num_children: time_now = time.time() time_left = time_limit - (time_now - time_start) time_child_average = (time_now - time_start) / children_completed if time_left < (time_child_average * 1.1): log_final_suffix = f' (Early stopping due to lack of time...)' early_stop = True break if early_stop: break model_index += k # TODO: DON'T THROW AWAY SAMPLES! USE LARGER N fi_list_dict = dict() for val in fi_fold_list: val = val['importance'].to_dict() # TODO: Don't throw away stddev information of children for key in val: if key not in fi_list_dict: fi_list_dict[key] = [] fi_list_dict[key] += val[key] fi_df = _compute_fi_with_stddev(fi_list_dict) if not silent: logger.log(20, f'\t{round(time.time() - time_start, 2)}s\t= Actual runtime (Completed {children_completed} of {num_children} children){log_final_suffix}') return fi_df def load_child(self, model, verbose=False) -> AbstractModel: if isinstance(model, str): child_path = self.create_contexts(self.path + model + os.path.sep) return self._child_type.load(path=child_path, verbose=verbose) else: return model def save_child(self, model, verbose=False): child = self.load_child(model) child.set_contexts(self.path + + os.path.sep) # TODO: Multiply epochs/n_iterations by some value (such as 1.1) to account for having more training data than bagged models def convert_to_refit_full_template(self): init_args = self.get_params() init_args['hyperparameters']['save_bag_folds'] = True # refit full models must save folds init_args['model_base'] = self.convert_to_refit_full_template_child() init_args['name'] = init_args['name'] + REFIT_FULL_SUFFIX model_full_template = self.__class__(**init_args) return model_full_template def convert_to_refit_full_template_child(self): refit_params_trained = self._get_compressed_params_trained() refit_params = copy.deepcopy(self._get_model_base().get_params()) refit_params['hyperparameters'].update(refit_params_trained) refit_child_template = self._child_type(**refit_params) return refit_child_template def get_params(self): init_args = dict( model_base=self._get_model_base(), random_state=self._random_state, ) init_args.update(super().get_params()) init_args.pop('eval_metric') init_args.pop('problem_type') return init_args def _get_compressed_params(self, model_params_list=None): if model_params_list is None: model_params_list = [ self.load_child(child).get_trained_params() for child in self.models ] model_params_compressed = dict() for param in model_params_list[0].keys(): model_param_vals = [model_params[param] for model_params in model_params_list] if all(isinstance(val, bool) for val in model_param_vals): counter = Counter(model_param_vals) compressed_val = counter.most_common(1)[0][0] elif all(isinstance(val, int) for val in model_param_vals): compressed_val = round(mean(model_param_vals)) elif all(isinstance(val, float) for val in model_param_vals): compressed_val = mean(model_param_vals) else: try: counter = Counter(model_param_vals) compressed_val = counter.most_common(1)[0][0] except TypeError: compressed_val = model_param_vals[0] model_params_compressed[param] = compressed_val return model_params_compressed def _get_compressed_params_trained(self): model_params_list = [ self.load_child(child).params_trained for child in self.models ] return self._get_compressed_params(model_params_list=model_params_list) def _get_model_base(self): if self.model_base is None: return self.load_model_base() else: return self.model_base def _add_child_times_to_bag(self, model): if self.fit_time is None: self.fit_time = model.fit_time else: self.fit_time += model.fit_time if self.predict_time is None: self.predict_time = model.predict_time else: self.predict_time += model.predict_time @classmethod def load(cls, path: str, reset_paths=True, low_memory=True, load_oof=False, verbose=True): model = super().load(path=path, reset_paths=reset_paths, verbose=verbose) if not low_memory: model.persist_child_models(reset_paths=reset_paths) if load_oof: model._load_oof() return model @classmethod def load_oof(cls, path, verbose=True): try: oof = load_pkl.load(path=path + 'utils' + os.path.sep + cls._oof_filename, verbose=verbose) oof_pred_proba = oof['_oof_pred_proba'] oof_pred_model_repeats = oof['_oof_pred_model_repeats'] except FileNotFoundError: model = cls.load(path=path, reset_paths=True, verbose=verbose) model._load_oof() oof_pred_proba = model._oof_pred_proba oof_pred_model_repeats = model._oof_pred_model_repeats return cls._oof_pred_proba_func(oof_pred_proba=oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats=oof_pred_model_repeats) def _load_oof(self): if self._oof_pred_proba is not None: pass else: oof = load_pkl.load(path=self.path + 'utils' + os.path.sep + self._oof_filename) self._oof_pred_proba = oof['_oof_pred_proba'] self._oof_pred_model_repeats = oof['_oof_pred_model_repeats'] def persist_child_models(self, reset_paths=True): for i, model_name in enumerate(self.models): if isinstance(model_name, str): child_path = self.create_contexts(self.path + model_name + os.path.sep) child_model = self._child_type.load(path=child_path, reset_paths=reset_paths, verbose=True) self.models[i] = child_model def load_model_base(self): return load_pkl.load(path=self.path + 'utils' + os.path.sep + 'model_template.pkl') def save_model_base(self, model_base): + 'utils' + os.path.sep + 'model_template.pkl', object=model_base) def save(self, path=None, verbose=True, save_oof=True, save_children=False) -> str: if path is None: path = self.path if save_children: model_names = [] for child in self.models: child = self.load_child(child) child.set_contexts(path + + os.path.sep) model_names.append( self.models = model_names if save_oof and self._oof_pred_proba is not None: + 'utils' + os.path.sep + self._oof_filename, object={ '_oof_pred_proba': self._oof_pred_proba, '_oof_pred_model_repeats': self._oof_pred_model_repeats, }) self._oof_pred_proba = None self._oof_pred_model_repeats = None return super().save(path=path, verbose=verbose) # If `remove_fit_stack=True`, variables will be removed that are required to fit more folds and to fit new stacker models which use this model as a base model. # This includes OOF variables. def reduce_memory_size(self, remove_fit_stack=False, remove_fit=True, remove_info=False, requires_save=True, reduce_children=False, **kwargs): super().reduce_memory_size(remove_fit=remove_fit, remove_info=remove_info, requires_save=requires_save, **kwargs) if remove_fit_stack: try: os.remove(self.path + 'utils' + os.path.sep + self._oof_filename) except FileNotFoundError: pass if requires_save: self._oof_pred_proba = None self._oof_pred_model_repeats = None try: os.remove(self.path + 'utils' + os.path.sep + 'model_template.pkl') except FileNotFoundError: pass if requires_save: self.model_base = None try: os.rmdir(self.path + 'utils') except OSError: pass if reduce_children: for model in self.models: model = self.load_child(model) model.reduce_memory_size(remove_fit=remove_fit, remove_info=remove_info, requires_save=requires_save, **kwargs) if requires_save and self.low_memory: self.save_child(model=model) def _get_model_names(self): model_names = [] for model in self.models: if isinstance(model, str): model_names.append(model) else: model_names.append( return model_names def get_info(self): info = super().get_info() children_info = self._get_child_info() child_memory_sizes = [child['memory_size'] for child in children_info.values()] sum_memory_size_child = sum(child_memory_sizes) if child_memory_sizes: max_memory_size_child = max(child_memory_sizes) else: max_memory_size_child = 0 if self.low_memory: max_memory_size = info['memory_size'] + sum_memory_size_child min_memory_size = info['memory_size'] + max_memory_size_child else: max_memory_size = info['memory_size'] min_memory_size = info['memory_size'] - sum_memory_size_child + max_memory_size_child # Necessary if save_space is used as save_space deletes model_base. if len(self.models) > 0: child_model = self.load_child(self.models[0]) else: child_model = self._get_model_base() child_hyperparameters = child_model.params child_ag_args_fit = child_model.params_aux bagged_info = dict( child_model_type=self._child_type.__name__, num_child_models=len(self.models), child_model_names=self._get_model_names(), _n_repeats=self._n_repeats, # _n_repeats_finished=self._n_repeats_finished, # commented out because these are too technical # _k_fold_end=self._k_fold_end, # _k=self._k, _k_per_n_repeat=self._k_per_n_repeat, _random_state=self._random_state, low_memory=self.low_memory, # If True, then model will attempt to use at most min_memory_size memory by having at most one child in memory. If False, model will use max_memory_size memory. bagged_mode=self._bagged_mode, max_memory_size=max_memory_size, # Memory used when all children are loaded into memory at once. min_memory_size=min_memory_size, # Memory used when only the largest child is loaded into memory. child_hyperparameters=child_hyperparameters, child_hyperparameters_fit=self._get_compressed_params_trained(), child_ag_args_fit=child_ag_args_fit, ) info['bagged_info'] = bagged_info info['children_info'] = children_info child_features_full = list(set().union(*[child['features'] for child in children_info.values()])) info['features'] = child_features_full info['num_features'] = len(child_features_full) return info def get_memory_size(self): models = self.models self.models = None memory_size = super().get_memory_size() self.models = models return memory_size def _get_child_info(self): child_info_dict = dict() for model in self.models: if isinstance(model, str): child_path = self.create_contexts(self.path + model + os.path.sep) child_info_dict[model] = self._child_type.load_info(child_path) else: child_info_dict[] = model.get_info() return child_info_dict def _construct_empty_oof(self, X, y): if self.problem_type == MULTICLASS: oof_pred_proba = np.zeros(shape=(len(X), len(y.unique())), dtype=np.float32) elif self.problem_type == SOFTCLASS: oof_pred_proba = np.zeros(shape=y.shape, dtype=np.float32) elif self.problem_type == QUANTILE: oof_pred_proba = np.zeros(shape=(len(X), len(self.quantile_levels)), dtype=np.float32) else: oof_pred_proba = np.zeros(shape=len(X), dtype=np.float32) oof_pred_model_repeats = np.zeros(shape=len(X), dtype=np.uint8) return oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats def _preprocess_fit_resources(self, silent=False, **kwargs): """Pass along to child models to avoid altering up-front""" return kwargs # TODO: Currently double disk usage, saving model in HPO and also saving model in bag # FIXME: with use_bag_holdout=True, the fold-1 scores that are logged are of the inner validation score, not the holdout score. # Fix this by passing X_val, y_val into this method def _hyperparameter_tune(self, X, y, k_fold, scheduler_options, preprocess_kwargs=None, groups=None, **kwargs): if len(self.models) != 0: raise ValueError('self.models must be empty to call hyperparameter_tune, value: %s' % self.models) kwargs['feature_metadata'] = self.feature_metadata kwargs['num_classes'] = self.num_classes # TODO: maybe don't pass num_classes to children self.model_base.set_contexts(self.path + 'hpo' + os.path.sep) # TODO: Preprocess data here instead of repeatedly if preprocess_kwargs is None: preprocess_kwargs = dict() use_child_oof = self.params.get('use_child_oof', False) X = self.preprocess(X=X, preprocess=False, fit=True, **preprocess_kwargs) if use_child_oof: k_fold = 1 X_fold = X y_fold = y X_val_fold = None y_val_fold = None train_index = list(range(len(X))) test_index = train_index cv_splitter = None else: cv_splitter = self._get_cv_splitter(n_splits=k_fold, n_repeats=1, groups=groups) if k_fold != cv_splitter.n_splits: k_fold = cv_splitter.n_splits kfolds = cv_splitter.split(X=X, y=y) train_index, test_index = kfolds[0] X_fold, X_val_fold = X.iloc[train_index, :], X.iloc[test_index, :] y_fold, y_val_fold = y.iloc[train_index], y.iloc[test_index] orig_time = scheduler_options[1]['time_out'] if orig_time: scheduler_options[1]['time_out'] = orig_time * 0.8 # TODO: Scheduler doesn't early stop on final model, this is a safety net. Scheduler should be updated to early stop hpo_models, hpo_model_performances, hpo_results = self.model_base.hyperparameter_tune(X=X_fold, y=y_fold, X_val=X_val_fold, y_val=y_val_fold, scheduler_options=scheduler_options, **kwargs) scheduler_options[1]['time_out'] = orig_time bags = {} bags_performance = {} for i, (model_name, model_path) in enumerate(hpo_models.items()): child: AbstractModel = self._child_type.load(path=model_path) # TODO: Create new Ensemble Here bag = copy.deepcopy(self) bag.rename(f"{}{os.path.sep}T{i}") bag.set_contexts(self.path_root + + os.path.sep) oof_pred_proba, oof_pred_model_repeats = self._construct_empty_oof(X=X, y=y) if child._get_tags().get('valid_oof', False): y_pred_proba = child.get_oof_pred_proba(X=X, y=y) bag._n_repeats_finished = 1 bag._k_per_n_repeat = [1] bag._bagged_mode = False bag._child_oof = True # TODO: Consider a separate tag for refit_folds vs efficient OOF else: y_pred_proba = child.predict_proba(X_val_fold) oof_pred_proba[test_index] += y_pred_proba oof_pred_model_repeats[test_index] += 1 bag.model_base = None child.rename('') child.set_contexts(bag.path + + os.path.sep) bag.save_model_base(child.convert_to_template()) bag._k = k_fold bag._k_fold_end = 1 bag._n_repeats = 1 bag._oof_pred_proba = oof_pred_proba bag._oof_pred_model_repeats = oof_pred_model_repeats child.rename('S1F1') child.set_contexts(bag.path + + os.path.sep) if not self.params.get('save_bag_folds', True): child.model = None if bag.low_memory: bag.save_child(child, verbose=False) bag.models.append( else: bag.models.append(child) bag.val_score = child.val_score bag._add_child_times_to_bag(model=child) if cv_splitter is not None: bag._cv_splitters = [cv_splitter] bags[] = bag.path bags_performance[] = bag.val_score # TODO: hpo_results likely not correct because no renames return bags, bags_performance, hpo_results def _more_tags(self): return {'valid_oof': True}